China accelerates the process of agricultural mech

2022-08-01
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China accelerates the process of agricultural mechanization to cope with the shortage of rural labor force

China accelerates the process of agricultural mechanization to cope with the shortage of rural labor force

introduction to information on China's construction machinery

in 2011, the national level of comprehensive mechanization of crop cultivation and income has reached 54.8%, an increase of 22.5 percentage points over 2002, and the growth rate in the past 10 years is equivalent to the sum of the previous 35 years. China's grain production is expected to achieve nine consecutive increases this year, of which the continuous improvement of the level of agricultural mechanization is obviously an important factor. Yes

in 2011, the comprehensive mechanization level of crop cultivation and harvest in China has reached 54.8%, an increase of 22.5 percentage points over 2002. The increase in the past 10 years is equivalent to the sum of the 35 years before the poor accuracy and sensitivity of the hardness tester. China's grain production is expected to achieve "nine consecutive increases" this year, of which the continuous improvement of the level of agricultural mechanization is obviously an important factor. Luoxiwen, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and a professor of South China Agricultural University, attributed the sharp increase in the level of Agricultural Mechanization in China in recent years to the continuous outflow of rural labor and the increasing subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery

with the autumn harvest approaching, liyaxiang, a villager from Heshun Village, Babao Town, Kaiyuan city, Liaoning Province, known as the "rice field nanny", began to get busy again. The task of harvesting more than 500 mu of paddy fields of hundreds of households fell on her own shoulders, and large-scale harvesting began after the national day

liyaxiang is now employed by Kai maxxam sy: a halogen-free polypropylene copolymer, the former municipal Hongda agricultural mechanization professional cooperative. The cooperative members' rice field seedling raising, seedling transplanting, autumn harvest and a series of other work are collectively dispatched by the cooperative, and she is responsible for daily management and direction

"Fewer and fewer young farmers are willing to work hard in the countryside, and it is more and more common to think that it is better to earn money by working than to farm. Now there are people who have nothing to do in the city, but there are people who have nothing to do in the countryside," said ligongmin, President of Baogong agricultural cooperative in Lankao, Henan Province.

in recent years, agricultural machinery has gradually replaced human and animal power as an important tool for China's agricultural production, greatly improving the efficiency of agricultural production. Most farmers in Li Yaxiang's area Industrial production is no longer based on households. Instead, it is entrusted to the Specialized Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives, and then managed by the cooperatives, realizing the mechanization of the whole process of cultivation and income

liyaxiang said that at present, when rice is transplanted every spring, 500 mu of land can be transplanted in one day with six rice transplanters. Just three years ago, during the rice transplanting season, the paddy fields were still full of people, but each person could only plant one and a half mu of land every day

zongjinyao, director of the Department of Agricultural Mechanization Management of the Ministry of agriculture, revealed at the 2012 China Agricultural Machinery Forum recently that in 2011, the comprehensive mechanization level of crop cultivation and harvest in China had reached 54.8%, an increase of 22.5 percentage points over 2002. The fixture tooling, load force sensor, deformation measurement sensor and other accessories with rich growth in the past 10 years were the sum of the previous 35 years. China's grain production is expected to achieve "nine consecutive increases" this year, of which the continuous improvement of the level of agricultural mechanization is obviously an important factor

Luoxiwen, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and a professor of South China Agricultural University, attributed the sharp increase in the level of Agricultural Mechanization in China in recent years to the continuous outflow of rural labor and the increasing subsidies for the purchase of agricultural machinery

Guokai, chairman of Kaidi agricultural machinery professional cooperative in Panshan County, Panjin City, Liaoning Province, said that young and strong people in the countryside are now working in the city to make money. If they want to hire people, they need to pay a high price. At present, only the cost of rice transplanting is calculated. It costs only 70 yuan for mechanical transplanting and 140 yuan for manual transplanting. In addition, due to industrialized seedling raising and mechanical transplanting, the advantages of neat seedlings, strong seedlings, shallow planting, slow seedlings and fast planting can also effectively improve the unit yield

it is this strong demand and the agricultural machinery subsidy policy that stimulate the supply of the agricultural machinery market. Liu Wen, chairman of Zhongxin agricultural machinery specialized cooperative in Changtu County, Tieling City, Liaoning Province, which has more than 30 sets of agricultural machinery, said that in recent years, agricultural machinery subsidies have been very affordable, and more and more people have bought agricultural machinery

"agricultural mechanization can effectively improve agricultural production conditions, farmers' living standards and rural ecological environment. Only by realizing agricultural mechanization can we realize agricultural modernization; only by cultivating new professional farmers with agricultural mechanization as the main body can we solve the contradiction of structural shortage of labor force and the problem of who will farm the land." Luo Xiwen, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering and a professor of the South China Agricultural University who teaches the automatic spring testing machine for spring tension and compression testing, said

it is understood that the scale of domestic agricultural machinery industrial enterprises has been expanding and maintained a rapid development trend, benefiting from the national policy encouragement, fiscal and tax incentives and other support. In 2011, the total industrial output value of Agricultural Machinery Enterprises above Designated Size in China reached 289.8 billion yuan, six times that of 2002, with an average annual growth rate of 22%

the vigorous development of China's agricultural machinery market has also enabled large agricultural machinery enterprises at home and abroad to see business opportunities. They are preparing for this agricultural machinery market with great potential. Deere, the world's largest agricultural equipment manufacturer, announced last year that it plans to invest 80million US dollars to build another agricultural machinery production enterprise in Harbin, Northeast China. At the same time, famous agricultural machinery manufacturers such as Keith New Holland of the United States and Kubota of Japan have also accelerated their investment layout in China in recent years

it is understood that in the coming period, the Chinese government will continue to increase policy support and improve the level of agricultural mechanization. According to relevant sources of the Ministry of agriculture, the subsidy fund for the purchase of agricultural machinery from the central government will be increased by 1.5 billion yuan from the current 20billion yuan, and the pilot subsidy for the scrapping and renewal of agricultural machinery will be started in 11 provinces. The corresponding detailed rules have been formulated

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